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XHTML Gotchas With ASP.NET

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Are you attempting validate your XHTML but it just doesn’t seem to be working with ASP.NET? Here are 3 gotchas:

1. xhtmlConformance is not set in web.config

Even if you declare a page to run as Strict, ASP.NET will still render all pages and controls under its default mode Transitional. In order to tell ASP.NET to render controls under Strict, simply add a xhtmlConformance tag in your web.config file.

<configuration>
    
<system.web>
        
<xhtmlConformance mode="Strict" />
    </
system.web>
</configuration>

2. Ensure you have a DOCTYPE

When setting up a new page, it is common (for me at least) to accidentally remove this declaration. Double checking that your DOCTYPE declaration exists is a commonly overlooked gotcha.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC -//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd>

3. Add a w3cvalidator.browser file to App_Browsers

By default ASP.NET does not recognize the user agent for the W3C Validator service. As a result, pages and controls are not rendered under the XHTML conformance that you set. This again, is an easy fix. Simply download a w3cvalidator.browser and place it in your App_Browsers folder.

Yahtzee! You should be able to validate your page now. If not, more information on web standard fundamentals using ASP.NET can be found over on the MSDN website.

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Comments

2 Responses to “XHTML Gotchas With ASP.NET”

  1. .mark.net » Siti accessibili con Asp.net 2.0 on September 28th, 2007 3:53 am

    […]  Ma non รจ sufficente per passare il Markup Validation Service della w3c.org. Si risolve con una trick. […]

  2. George Helyar on June 11th, 2010 7:25 am

    Very useful, thanks. Solved my validator woes on ASP.NET 2.0. I had even filed a bug report thinking it was a problem with the validator.

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